Author Topic: Vatican Council says there will be shepherds "usque ad consummationem saeculi"  (Read 6237 times)

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Offline Praeter

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  • No, I don't subscribe to that proposition. My conclusion is: Currently, seats are occupied by apostates or modernist heretics. So currently, the Church isn't carrying out certain tasks which are reserved to legitimate occupants of the seats.

    Do you not realize that authority is necessary for the Church to carry our her mission?  If the seats are all occupied by apostates and modernist heretics with no authority, there is not longer an ecclesia docents (teaching Church), and the Church, as Christ founded it, no longer exists.  A Church without formal apostolic succession lacks the mark of apostolicity, which the true Church will always possess.

    "Apostolicity is the mark by which the Church of today is recognized as identical with the Church founded by Jesus Christ upon the Apostles. It is of great importance because it is the surest indication of the true Church of Christ, it is most easily examined, and it virtually contains the other three marks, namely, Unity, Sanctity, and Catholicity.  (...) In explaining the concept of Apostolicity, then, special attention must be given to Apostolicity of mission, or Apostolic succession. Apostolicity of mission means that the Church is one moral body, possessing the mission entrusted by Jesus Christ to the Apostles, and transmitted through them and their lawful successors in an unbroken chain to the present representatives of Christ upon earth. This authoritative transmission of power in the Church constitutes Apostolic succession. This Apostolic succession must be both material and formal; the material consisting in the actual succession in the Church, through a series of persons from the Apostolic age to the present; the formal adding the element of authority in the transmission of power. It consists in the legitimate transmission of the ministerial power conferred by Christ upon His Apostles. No one can give a power which he does not possess. Hence in tracing the mission of the Church back to the Apostles, no lacuna can be allowed, no new mission can arise; but the mission conferred by Christ must pass from generation to generation through an uninterrupted lawful succession. The Apostles received it from Christ and gave it in turn to those legitimately appointed by them, and these again selected others to continue the work of the ministry. Any break in this succession destroys Apostolicity, because the break means the beginning of a new series which is not Apostolic. "How shall they preach unless they be sent?" (Romans 10:15). An authoritative mission to teach is absolutely necessary, a man-given mission is not authoritative. Hence any concept of Apostolicity that excludes authoritative union with the Apostolic mission robs the ministry of its Divine character. Apostolicity, or Apostolic succession, then, means that the mission conferred by Jesus Christ upon the Apostles must pass from then to their legitimate successors, in an unbroken line, until the end of the world. (...) The intention of Christ is apparent from the Bible passages, which tell of the conferring of the mission upon the Apostles. "As the Father hath sent Me, I also send you: (John 20:21). The mission of the Apostles, like the mission of Christ, is a Divine mission; they are the Apostles, or ambassadors, of the Eternal Father. "All power is given to Me in heaven and on earth. Going, therefore, teach ye all nations; teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you, and behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world: (Matthew 28:1) .  This Divine mission is always to continue the same, hence it must be transmitted with its Divine character until the end of time, i.e. there must be an unbroken lawful succession which is called Apostolicity. (Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913).

    "Schismatics are in another Church even if they agree with the true Church of Christ in faith and doctrine." (Bellarmine, De Ecclesia Militante cap v)

    Offline Alexandria

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  • Struthio, would you be so kind as to just sum all of this up for me in a few words?  I don't quite grasp what you are saying.  The Church is there, but it isn't, and the seats are occupied by heretics and apostates.  So if that is so, how can you say the Church is still there?  If you are advocating sitting home (by the way, my husband and I [who are senior citizens] did that for almost 3 years and it did not bear good fruits - and, no, we didn't turn the day into a free-for-all either - just stopped going to Mass), yet you claim the Church is still there, there must be somewhere to go?

    Maybe I am not understanding you correctly?


    Offline Struthio

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  • Do you not realize that authority is necessary for the Church to carry our her mission?  If the seats are all occupied by apostates and modernist heretics with no authority, there is not longer an ecclesia docents (teaching Church), and the Church, as Christ founded it, no longer exists.  A Church without formal apostolic succession lacks the mark of apostolicity, which the true Church will always possess.

    Dear Praeter, I sincerely thank you for your efforts to correct possible errors of mine, whether I accept or reject such efforts. I profess all dogma and articles of faith which the Magisterium of the Church has proposed or may propose. And I am anxious to make sure I'm free of errors and misunderstandings.

    Here you present an article of a Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913. That's not the Magisterium of the Church, it has no authority. I won't be convinced by such articles or other opinions of theologians.

    Please note that saying "until the end of the world" and "until the end of time", this article seems to reference the dogmatic constitution Pastor aeternus of the Vatican Council, where the original Latin is "usque ad consummationem saeculi". To convince me, you would have to show that "usque ad consummationem saeculi" in Pastor aeternus does not have the signification found in Mt 24.
    Men are not bound, or able to read hearts; but when they see that someone is a heretic by his external works, they judge him to be a heretic pure and simple ... Jerome points this out. (St. Robert Bellarmine)

    Offline Struthio

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  • Struthio, would you be so kind as to just sum all of this up for me in a few words? I don't quite grasp what you are saying.

    My main point is in the opening post. To understand the point, it is important to look at all the quotes found there.


    I don't quite grasp what you are saying. The Church is there, but it isn't, and the seats are occupied by heretics and apostates. So if that is so, how can you say the Church is still there?

    The Church is still there, see reply #12 (second half, quote of the Council of Trent).



    If you are advocating sitting home (by the way, my husband and I [who are senior citizens] did that for almost 3 years and it did not bear good fruits - and, no, we didn't turn the day into a free-for-all either - just stopped going to Mass), yet you claim the Church is still there, there must be somewhere to go?

    The point is, that the Vatican Council says that Our Lord's promise to be with us in his shepherds is until the consummation, which, following Mt 24, is a time span.
    Men are not bound, or able to read hearts; but when they see that someone is a heretic by his external works, they judge him to be a heretic pure and simple ... Jerome points this out. (St. Robert Bellarmine)

    Offline Praeter

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  • Here you present an article of a Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913. That's not the Magisterium of the Church, it has no authority. I won't be convinced by such articles or other opinions of theologians.

    Please note that saying "until the end of the world" and "until the end of time", this article seems to reference the dogmatic constitution Pastor aeternus of the Vatican Council, where the original Latin is "usque ad consummationem saeculi". To convince me, you would have to show that "usque ad consummationem saeculi" in Pastor aeternus does not have the signification found in Mt 24.
    Satis Cognitum, Leo XIII: “And, since it was necessary that His divine mission should be perpetuated to the end of time, He took to Himself Disciples, trained by himself, and made them partakers of His own authority. And, when He had invoked upon them from Heaven the Spirit of Truth, He bade them go through the whole world and faithfully preach to all nations, what He had taught and what He had commanded, so that by the profession of His doctrine, and the observance of His laws, the human race might attain to holiness on earth and never-ending happiness in Heaven. (…) But, as we have already said, the Apostolic mission was not destined to die with the Apostles themselves, or to come to an end in the course of time, since it was intended for the people at large and instituted for the salvation of the human race. For Christ commanded His Apostles to preach the "Gospel to every creature, to carry His name to nations and kings, and to be witnesses to him to the ends of the earth." He further promised to assist them in the fulfilment of their high mission, and that, not for a few years or centuries only, but for all time (sed in omne tempus) – ‘even to the consummation of the world’.  Upon which St. Jerome says: ‘He who promises to remain with His Disciples to the end of the world declares that they will be forever victorious, and that He will never depart from those who believe in Him’ (In Matt., lib. iv., cap. 28, v. 20).”

    Notice, the apostolic mission will last until “the end of time” and will not come to an end “in the course of time.”   Also notice that he confirms his statement that the Church will last “for all time,” by quoting Christ’s statement that He will be with the Church “even to the consummation of the world.”  This shows that Leo XIII understand “the consummation of the world” to refer to the actual end of time, not a point during the course of time.  That’s how the Church and her theologians have always interpreted the phrase.    

    Leo XIII also teaches that the Church is to remain visible to the end of time:

    Satis Cognitum, LeoXIII: “… the Church is so often called in Holy Writ a body, and even the body of Christ – ‘Now you are the body of Christ’ (I Cor. xii., 27) - and precisely because it is a body is the Church visible: (…) those who arbitrarily conjure up and picture to themselves a hidden and invisible Church are in grievous and pernicious error: (…) The connection and union of both elements [i.e., visible and invisible] is as absolutely necessary to the true Church as the intimate union of the soul and body is to human nature. The Church is not something dead: it is the body of Christ endowed with supernatural life. As Christ, the Head and Exemplar, is not wholly in His visible human nature, which Photinians and Nestorians assert, nor wholly in the invisible divine nature, as the Monophysites hold, but is one, from and in both natures, visible and invisible; so the mystical body of Christ is the true Church, only because its visible parts draw life and power from the supernatural gifts and other things whence spring their very nature and essence. But since the Church is such by divine will and constitution, such it must uniformly remain to the end of time (in aeternitate temporum). If it did not, then it would not have been founded as perpetual, and the end set before it would have been limited to some certain place and to some certain period of time (locorum esset temporumque certo spatio defintlus); both of which are contrary to the truth. The union consequently of visible and invisible elements because it harmonizes with the natural order and by God's will belongs to the very essence of the Church, must necessarily remain so long as the Church itself shall endure.”
     
    Pius IX teaches that the Church founded by Christ is a perfect society, with an authoritative teaching body, and that it will always remain as Christ founded it.     

    Mortalium Animos, Pius XI: “A good number of them [the heretics], for example, deny that the Church of Christ must be visible and apparent, at least to such a degree that it appears as one body of faithful, agreeing in one and the same doctrine under one teaching authority and government; (…) Christ our Lord instituted His Church as a perfect society [a perfect society must be governed by authority], external of its nature and perceptible to the senses, which should carry on in the future the work of the salvation of the human race, under the leadership of one head,[4] with an authority teaching by word of mouth,[5] and by the ministry of the sacraments, the founts of heavenly grace;[6] for which reason He attested by comparison the similarity of the Church to a kingdom,[7] to a house,[8] to a sheepfold,[9] and to a flock.[10] This Church, after being so wonderfully instituted, could not, on the removal by death of its Founder and of the Apostles who were the pioneers in propagating it, be entirely extinguished and cease to be, for to it was given the commandment to lead all men, without distinction of time or place, to eternal salvation: ‘Going therefore, teach ye all nations.’[11] In the continual carrying out of this task, will any element of strength and efficiency be wanting to the Church, when Christ Himself is perpetually present to it, according to His solemn promise: ‘Behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world?’[12] It follows then that the Church of Christ not only exists to-day and always, but also exactly the same as it was in the time of the Apostles, unless we were to say, which God forbid, either that Christ our Lord could not effect His purpose, or that He erred when He asserted that the gates of hell should never prevail against it.[13] (…) So, Venerable Brethren, it is clear why this Apostolic See has never allowed its subjects to take part in the assemblies of non-Catholics: for the union of Christians can only be promoted by promoting the return to the one true Church of Christ of those who are separated from it, for in the past they have unhappily left it: To the one true Church of Christ, we say, which is visible to all, and which is to remain, according to the will of its Author, exactly the same as He instituted it.”
     
    If the Church lacks a legitimate hierarchy with the authority to carry out the mission Christ entrusted to His Church, it follows that the Church as Christ founded it no longer exists, which is contrary to the teaching of Pius XI. 
    "Schismatics are in another Church even if they agree with the true Church of Christ in faith and doctrine." (Bellarmine, De Ecclesia Militante cap v)


    Offline Alexandria

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    St. John Chrysostom in the Opus imperfectum on Matthew in Homily XLIX on Mt 24 says that the destruction of the Church will parallel the destruction of Jerusalem A.D. 70. The hosts of Titus in A.D. 70 are hosts of heretics at that time. Most Jews were killed in A.D. 70, and the rest scattered all over the world. Most Catholics will be spiritually killed at that time, and the rest scattered all over the world. Following St. John Chrysostom, "the" Antichrist is not a single person but is the hosts of heretics.
    Is the above your own thought or did you copy it from St. John Chrysostom?  If the latter, do you have a link?

    Offline Alexandria

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  • Struthio, how much time have you devoted to studying all of this? 

    The above shouldn't be taken in an insulting manner.  It is a sincere question.

    Offline Struthio

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  • Satis Cognitum, Leo XIII: “[...]”

    If the Church lacks a legitimate hierarchy with the authority to carry out the mission Christ entrusted to His Church, it follows that the Church as Christ founded it no longer exists, which is contrary to the teaching of Pius XI.  

    Papal teaching is sure better than an encyclopedia. The original Latin of Satis Cognitum can be found in the ACTA SANCTAE SEDIS on vatican.va:

    http://www.vatican.va/archive/ass/index_ge.htm (ASS 28, 1895-96)
    http://www.vatican.va/archive/ass/documents/ASS-28-1895-96-ocr.pdf

    At a first glance, the English translation is rather poor. E.g. the first "to the end of time" doesn't exist in the Latin.

    It may take some time to reply to all your highlighted statements. You'll have to be patient.

    For the time being, let me say that I do not expect that it will be possible to understand Leo XIII as contradicting Pastor aeternus of the Vatican Council, saying that there will be shepherds "usque ad consummationem saeculi".


    Men are not bound, or able to read hearts; but when they see that someone is a heretic by his external works, they judge him to be a heretic pure and simple ... Jerome points this out. (St. Robert Bellarmine)


    Offline Struthio

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  • Is the above your own thought or did you copy it from St. John Chrysostom?  If the latter, do you have a link?

    It's my summary of what St. John Chrysostom says. As far as I know, there is no translation of Homily XLIX of the Opus imperfectum into a modern language. The Latin can be easily found online.
    Men are not bound, or able to read hearts; but when they see that someone is a heretic by his external works, they judge him to be a heretic pure and simple ... Jerome points this out. (St. Robert Bellarmine)

    Offline Struthio

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  • Struthio, how much time have you devoted to studying all of this?  

    The above shouldn't be taken in an insulting manner.  It is a sincere question.

    I studied this in my spare time during the past seven years or so.
    Men are not bound, or able to read hearts; but when they see that someone is a heretic by his external works, they judge him to be a heretic pure and simple ... Jerome points this out. (St. Robert Bellarmine)

    Offline Praeter

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  • For the time being, let me say that I do not expect that it will be possible to understand Leo XIII as contradicting Pastor aeternus of the Vatican Council, saying that there will be shepherds "usque ad consummationem saeculi".

    Leo XIII certainly doesn't contradict Pastor Aeternus. What he does contradict is your understanding of consummationem saeculi (consummation of the world), which is based on nothing but your own private interpretation of Scripture, and differs from how the Church has always understood it.  
     
    It is also contrary to the obvious sense of Scripture.
     
    Here's the Scripture passage you relied on for your interpretation of "consummation of the world :  “And when he was sitting on mount Olivet, the disciples came to him privately, saying: Tell us when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the consummation of the world?”  
     
    Based on that you conclude: "Here we have the answer. The consummation will start with the abomination of desolation in the last days of tribulation before the second coming of Our Lord.:
     
    But the apostles didn't ask Christ when "his coming and the consummation of the world" would start. They asked for the sign that would precede the events.  The abomination of desolation was one of over a dozen signs that Christ gives them, but none of the signs referred to the "start" of the consummation of the world, and more than they referred to the "start" of His second coming..  They were are all signs that will precede the events.
     
    Next, you privately interpret the "abomination of desolation" as referring to The Robber Council.  Then, you join your two private interpretations of Scripture together and use them to interpret Pastor Aeternus' teaching that "there will be shepherds until the consummation of the world" as meaning "there will be shepherds until The Robber Council," which you now apparently consider the definitive meaning intended by the Council Fathers.  
     
    Lastly, based on your most recent comment (above), it seems as though you would consider Leo XIII to be contradicting Vatican I, if anything he teaches conflicts with your interpretation of Pastor Aeternus.  
    "Schismatics are in another Church even if they agree with the true Church of Christ in faith and doctrine." (Bellarmine, De Ecclesia Militante cap v)


    Offline Struthio

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  • @Praeter

    From your recent post:

    Leo XIII certainly doesn't contradict Pastor Aeternus. What he does contradict is your understanding of consummationem saeculi (consummation of the world)

    No he does not. See comments below on your previous post.




    Quote from: Praeter, translation of Satis Cognitum, Leo XIII
    And, since it was necessary that His divine mission should be perpetuated to the end of time, He took to Himself Disciples, trained by himself, and made them partakers of His own authority.

    The Latin original does not say "perpetuated to the end of time" but "perenne ac perpetuum", which does not specify an end. So this is not pertinent to our question.


    Quote from: Praeter, translation of Satis Cognitum, Leo XIII
    But, as we have already said, the Apostolic mission was not destined to die with the Apostles themselves, or to come to an end in the course of time [...] but for all time (sed in omne tempus) – ‘even to the consummation of the world’.

    The latin reads: "sed in omne tempus, usque ad consummationem saeculi". Obviously "in omne tempus" does not mean "in all eternity" or "until the last second of the era of this world", since it is explicitly qualified by an end: until the consummation.

    "come to an end in the course of time" is the translation of "aut cum tempore labi" which means "(neither die with the Apostles nor) stagger later". To claim that it includes a statement about our question is rather daring.


    Quote from: Praeter, translation of Satis Cognitum, Leo XIII
    Upon which St. Jerome says: ‘He who promises to remain with His Disciples to the end of the world declares that they will be forever victorious, and that He will never depart from those who believe in Him’ (In Matt., lib. iv., cap. 28, v. 20).”

    The latin reads: "Quam ad rem Hieronymus: Qui usque ad consummationem saeculi cum discipulis ...". Again, again, and again: "usque ad consummationem saeculi" is translated by "end of the world".

    "to the end of the world" does not mean "to the last second of the era of this world" but rather "usque ad consummationem saeculi".


    Quote from: Praeter
    Notice, the apostolic mission will last until “the end of time”

    Not in the Latin original.

    Quote from: Praeter
    and will not come to an end “in the course of time.”

    Not in the Latin original.


    Quote from: Praeter
    Also notice that he confirms his statement that the Church will last “for all time,” by quoting Christ’s statement that He will be with the Church “even to the consummation of the world.” This shows that Leo XIII understand “the consummation of the world” to refer to the actual end of time, not a point during the course of time.

    "for all time even to the consummation" obviously means that the consummation (whether point in time or time span) ends the "all time"-period.


    Quote from: Praeter
    That’s how the Church and her theologians have always interpreted the phrase.

    I don't agree. The Church obviously has diligently chosen our Lord's own words from scripture to speak of the "end of time". You just have to look at the Latin texts. Not only scripture (translated by St Hieronymus), also Pope Leo XIII and St Hieronymus in Matt. carefully and accurately do not forget to use the term "consummatio saeculi".


    Conclusion: Satis Cognitum does not prove your objection. Satis Cognitum does not say or imply that "consummatio saeculi" is a point in time, or the last microsecond of the era of this world. You have not presented an alternative definition of "consummatio saeculi".


    P.S.: A comment on your recent post will follow. I'll postpone comments on the visibility-part and Pius XI.
    Men are not bound, or able to read hearts; but when they see that someone is a heretic by his external works, they judge him to be a heretic pure and simple ... Jerome points this out. (St. Robert Bellarmine)

    Offline Struthio

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  • Quote from: Praeter
    Here's the Scripture passage you relied on for your interpretation of "consummation of the world :  “And when he was sitting on mount Olivet, the disciples came to him privately, saying: Tell us when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the consummation of the world?” 

    Based on that you conclude: "Here we have the answer. The consummation will start with the abomination of desolation in the last days of tribulation before the second coming of Our Lord.:

    But the apostles didn't ask Christ when "his coming and the consummation of the world" would start. They asked for the sign that would precede the events.  The abomination of desolation was one of over a dozen signs that Christ gives them, but none of the signs referred to the "start" of the consummation of the world, and more than they referred to the "start" of His second coming..  They were are all signs that will precede the events.

    I rely on Our Lord's answer. He first announces several things to come before the end (sed nondum est finis). Then, starting with verse 14 he says:

    Quote
    And this gospel of the kingdom, shall be preached in the whole world, for a testimony to all nations, and then shall the consummation come. When therefore you shall see the abomination of desolation, which was spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place: he that readeth let him understand. ... let them flee to the mountains ... let him not go back to take his coat ... For there shall be then great tribulation ... and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with much power and majesty.

    When he says "and then shall the consummation come", he obviously is talking about the consummation the disciples asked for, the consummation of the world. And what he describes immediatly after saying "and then shall the consummation come" self-evidently is what constitutes the consummation.

    If you don't agree, so be it. But so far, you haven't made your opinion plausible, that the Church takes "usque ad consummatio" to mean "until the last microsecond of the era of this world". You just act as if one had to take your opinion for granted. The truth is, that neither the Vatican Council, nor Leo XIII, nor Jerome define or explain what "usque ad consummatio" exactly means. But Mt 24 does.


    Quote from: Praeter
    Next, you privately interpret the "abomination of desolation" as referring to The Robber Council.  Then, you join your two private interpretations of Scripture together and use them to interpret Pastor Aeternus' teaching that "there will be shepherds until the consummation of the world" as meaning "there will be shepherds until The Robber Council," which you now apparently consider the definitive meaning intended by the Council Fathers.

    No, I don't "privately interpret". That's not the case. Rather, I publicly state my opinion, I publicly state that I have come to the conclusion that the Robber Council is the abomination of desolation. If you disagree, then we still can debate the question what the consummation exactly is. Whether we're living in the time of tribulation or not, the question up to which point shepherds are promised, is independent of your or my assessment of the current situation.
    Men are not bound, or able to read hearts; but when they see that someone is a heretic by his external works, they judge him to be a heretic pure and simple ... Jerome points this out. (St. Robert Bellarmine)

    Offline trad123

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  • Quote
    Ok, shepherds and teachers up to the consummation of the world.

    Now, what exactly does consummatio saeculi mean?


    St. Thomas Aquinas

    CONTRA GENTILES

    BOOK TWO: CREATION

    https://dhspriory.org/thomas/english/ContraGentiles2.htm#84


    Quote
    Chapter 84

    SOLUTION OF THE PRECEDING ARGUMENTS

    6.

    (. . .)

    the consummation or perfection of creatures


    St. Thomas Aquinas

    Summa Theologica
    Question 73. The things that belong to the seventh day
    Article 1. Whether the completion of the Divine works ought to be ascribed to the seventh day?

    http://www.newadvent.org/summa/1073.htm#article1

    Quote
    Now the final perfection, which is the end of the whole universe, is the perfect beatitude of the Saints at the consummation of the world; and the first perfection is the completeness of the universe at its first founding, and this is what is ascribed to the seventh day.



    St. Thomas Aquinas

    Summa Theologica
    Question 77. The time and manner of the resurrection
    Article 1. Whether the time of our resurrection should be delayed till the end of the world?

    http://www.newadvent.org/summa/5077.htm#article1

    Quote
    "God has provided something better for us, lest they should be consummated," i.e. perfected



    St. Augustine

    Letter 208 (A.D. 423)

    http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/1102208.htm

    Quote
    2. I exhort you, therefore, not to be too much troubled by those offenses which for this very reason were foretold as destined to come, that when they came we might remember that they had been foretold, and not be greatly disconcerted by them. For the Lord Himself in His gospel foretold them, saying, "Woe unto the world because of offenses! For it must needs be that offenses come; but woe unto that man by whom the offense comes!" Matthew 18:7 These are the men of whom the apostle said, "They seek their own, not the things that are Jesus Christ's." Philippians 2:21 There are, therefore, some who hold the honourable office of shepherds in order that they may provide for the flock of Christ; others occupy that position that they may enjoy the temporal honours and secular advantages connected with the office. It must needs happen that these two kinds of pastors, some dying, others succeeding them, should continue in the Catholic Church even to the end of time, and the judgment of the Lord. If, then, in the times of the apostles there were men such that Paul, grieved by their conduct, enumerates among his trials, "perils among false brethren," 1 Corinthians 11:26 and yet he did not haughtily cast them out, but patiently bore with them, how much more must such arise in our times, since the Lord most plainly says concerning this age which is drawing to a close, "that because iniquity shall abound the love of many shall wax cold." Matthew 24:12-13 The word which follows, however, ought to console and exhort us, for He adds, "He that shall endure to the end, the same shall be saved."


    Pius IX

    1858

    On Priests and the Care of Souls

    https://www.papalencyclicals.net/pius09/p9amant1.htm

    Quote
    Christ’s love towards men was so great that not only was He willing to endure most cruel sufferings for our salvation and an atrocious death on the cross, but also He wished to nourish us eternally in the sacrament of His body and blood. In this way, He might strengthen us by the presence of His divinity and be the safest bulwark of our spiritual life. And not content to have loved us with such an outstanding and truly divine love, He heaped benefits on benefits, poured out the riches of His love upon us, and, as you know so well, having loved His own He loved them to the end. For, declaring Himself to be an eternal Priest according to the order of Melchisedech, He instituted permanently His priesthood in the Catholic Church. He decreed that that same sacrifice which He performed is to redeem the whole human race from the yoke of sin to reconcile all things in heaven and earth, and to remain until the consummation of the world. He decreed that it be renewed and take plaice daily by the ministry of the priesthood. Only the reason for the offering is diverse, namely, that the salvific and most abundant fruits of His passion might forever be dispersed upon mankind.


    Leo XIII

    1902

    On the Education of the Clergy

    https://www.papalencyclicals.net/leo13/l13fidal.htm


    Quote
    3.

    (. . .)

    The Catholic priesthood-divine in its origin, supernatural in its essence, immutable in its character, is not an institution that can accommodate itself with ease to human systems and opinions. A participation of the eternal priesthood of Jesus Christ, it must perpetuate even to the consummation of ages the same mission that the Eternal Father confided to His Incarnate Word: “Sicut misit me Pater, et ego mitto vos.”‘ To work the eternal salvation of souls will always be the great commandment of which it must never fall short, as to faithfully fulfil it, it must never cease to have recourse to those supernatural aids and those divine rules of thought and of action which Jesus Christ gave His Apostles when He sent them throughout the whole world to convert the nations to the Gospel.




    St. John of Damascus

    An Exposition of the Orthodox Faith (Book II)

    http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/33042.htm

    Quote
    Seven ages of this world are spoken of, that is, from the creation of the heaven and earth till the general consummation and resurrection of men. For there is a partial consummation, viz., the death of each man: but there is also a general and complete consummation, when the general resurrection of men will come to pass. And the eighth age is the age to come.



    St. Chrysostom

    Homily 20 on Matthew

    http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/200120.htm


    Quote
    But besides this, the delay itself is not long; nay, for those things are at the doors, and we know not but that even in our own generation all things which concern us may have their accomplishment, and that fearful day may arrive, setting before us the awful and incorruptible tribunal.

    Yea, for the more part of the signs are fulfilled, and the gospel moreover has been preached in all parts of the world, and the predictions of wars, and of earthquakes, and of famines, have come to pass, and the interval is not great.But is it that thou dost not see any signs? Why, this self-same thing is a very great sign.

    For neither did they in Noah's time see any presages of that universal destruction, but in the midst of their playing, eating, marrying, doing all things to which they were used, even so they were overtaken by that fearful judgment. And they too in sơdơm in like manner, living in delight, and suspecting none of what befell them, were consumed by those lightnings, which then came down upon them.

    Considering then all these things, let us betake ourselves unto the preparation for our departure hence. For even if the common day of the consummation never overtake us, the end of each one is at the doors, whether he be old or young; and it is not possible for men after they have gone hence, either to buy oil any more, or to obtain pardon by prayers, though he that entreats be Abraham, Luke 16:24 or Noah, or Job, or Daniel. Ezekiel 14:14



    Tertullian

    On the Resurrection of the Flesh

    http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/0316.htm

    Quote
    Chapter 40

    (. . .)

    Now the inward man will have, of course, to be renewed by the suggestion of the Spirit, advancing by faith and holiness day after day, here in this life, not there after the resurrection, were our renewal is not a gradual process from day to day, but a consummation once for all complete.


    St. Augustine

    The City of God (Book XX)

    http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/120120.htm

    Quote
    Chapter 16.— Of the New Heaven and the New Earth.

    (. . .)

    For as soon as those who are not written in the book of life have been judged and cast into eternal fire — the nature of which fire, or its position in the world or universe, I suppose is known to no man, unless perhaps the divine Spirit reveal it to some one — then shall the figure of this world pass away in a conflagration of universal fire, as once before the world was flooded with a deluge of universal water. And by this universal conflagration the qualities of the corruptible elements which suited our corruptible bodies shall utterly perish, and our substance shall receive such qualities as shall, by a wonderful transmutation, harmonize with our immortal bodies, so that, as the world itself is renewed to some better thing, it is fitly accommodated to men, themselves renewed in their flesh to some better thing.

    (. . .)

    For then there shall be no more of this world, no more of the surgings and restlessness of human life, and it is this which is symbolized by the sea.



    St. Thomas Aquinas

    Summa Theologica,

    Question 74. The fire of the final conflagration

    http://www.newadvent.org/summa/5074.htm#article1

    Article 1. Whether the world is to be cleansed?

    Quote
    Since the world was, in a way, made for man's sake, it follows that, when man shall be glorified in the body, the other bodies of the world shall also be changed to a better state, so that it is rendered a more fitting place for him and more pleasant to look upon. Now in order that man obtain the glory of the body, it behooves first of all those things to be removed which are opposed to glory.

    Article 2. Whether the cleansing of the world will be effected by fire?


    Quote
    As stated above (Article 1) this cleansing of the world will remove from it the stain contracted from sin, and the impurity resulting from mixture, and will be a disposition to the perfection of glory; and consequently in this threefold respect it will be most fitting for it to be effected by fire.


    Article 4. Whether that fire will cleanse also the higher heavens?

    Quote
    The cleansing of the world will be for the purpose of removing from bodies the disposition contrary to the perfection of glory, and this perfection is the final consummation of the universe


    St. Augustine

    Exposition on Psalm 65

    http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/1801065.htm

    Quote
    9.

    (. . .)

    For the sea by a figure is spoken of this world, with saltness bitter, with storms troubled; where men of perverse and depraved appetites have become like fishes devouring one another. Observe the evil sea, bitter sea, with waves violent, observe with what sort of men it is filled. Who desires an inheritance except through the death of another? Who desires gain except by the loss of another? By the fall of others how many men wish to be exalted? How many, in order that they may buy, desire for other men to sell their goods? How they mutually oppress, and how they that are able do devour! And when one fish has devoured, the greater the less, itself also is devoured by some greater....Because evil fishes that were taken within the nets they said they would not endure; they themselves have become more evil than they whom they said they could not endure. For those nets did take fishes both good and evil.

    The Lord says, "The kingdom of Heaven is like to a net cast into the sea, which gathers of every kind, which, when it had been filled, drawing out, and sitting on the shore, they gathered the good into vessels, but the evil they cast out: so it shall be," He says, "in the consummation of the world." Matthew 13:47-49

    He shows what is the shore, He shows what is the end of the sea. "The angels shall go forth, and shall sever the evil from the midst of the just, and shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth."



    St. Augustine

    The City of God (Book XXI)

    http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/120121.htm

    Quote
    15.

    (. . .)

    For as by the sin of one man we have fallen into a misery so deplorable, so by the righteousness of one Man, who also is God, shall we come to a blessedness inconceivably exalted. Nor ought any one to trust that he has passed from the one man to the other until he shall have reached that place where there is no temptation, and have entered into the peace which he seeks in the many and various conflicts of this war, in which "the flesh lusts against the spirit, and the spirit against the flesh." Galatians 5:17

    Now, such a war as this would have had no existence if human nature had, in the exercise of free will, continued steadfast in the uprightness in which it was created. But now in its misery it makes war upon itself, because in its blessedness it would not continue at peace with God; and this, though it be a miserable calamity, is better than the earlier stages of this life, which do not recognize that a war is to be maintained. For better is it to contend with vices than without conflict to be subdued by them.

    Better, I say, is war with the hope of peace everlasting than captivity without any thought of deliverance.

    We long, indeed, for the cessation of this war,

    (. . .)

    But if (which God forbid) there had been no hope of so blessed a consummation, we should still have preferred to endure the hardness of this conflict, rather than, by our non-resistance, to yield ourselves to the dominion of vice.



    St. Gregory of Nyssa

    On the Making of Man

    http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/2914.htm

    Quote
    XVI. A contemplation of the Divine utterance which said — "Let us make man after our image and likeness"

    17. Now just as any particular man is limited by his bodily dimensions, and the peculiar size which is conjoined with the superficies of his body is the measure of his separate existence, so I think that the entire plenitude of humanity was included by the God of all, by His power of foreknowledge, as it were in one body, and that this is what the text teaches us which says, "God created man, in the image of God created He him."

    For the image is not in part of our nature, nor is the grace in any one of the things found in that nature, but this power extends equally to all the race: and a sign of this is that mind is implanted alike in all: for all have the power of understanding and deliberating, and of all else whereby the Divine nature finds its image in that which was made according to it: the man that was manifested at the first creation of the world, and he that shall be after the consummation of all, are alike: they equally bear in themselves the Divine image.


    (. . .)


    XXII. To those who say, "If the resurrection is a thing excellent and good, how is it that it has not happened already, but is hoped for in some periods of time?"

    2. You will say then, What is this reason, in accordance with which the change of our painful life to that which we desire does not take place at once, but this heavy and corporeal existence of ours waits, extended to some determinate time, for the term of the consummation of all things, that then man's life may be set free as it were from the reins, and revert once more, released and free, to the life of blessedness and impassibility?


    St. Basil

    Hexaemeron (Homily 1)

    http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/32011.htm


    Quote
    4. One day, doubtless, their terrible condemnation will be the greater for all this worldly wisdom, since, seeing so clearly into vain sciences, they have wilfully shut their eyes to the knowledge of the truth. These men who measure the distances of the stars and describe them, both those of the North, always shining brilliantly in our view, and those of the southern pole visible to the inhabitants of the South, but unknown to us; who divide the Northern zone and the circle of the Zodiac into an infinity of parts, who observe with exactitude the course of the stars, their fixed places, their declensions, their return and the time that each takes to make its ʀɛʋօʟutιօn; these men, I say, have discovered all except one thing: the fact that God is the Creator of the universe, and the just Judge who rewards all the actions of life according to their merit. They have not known how to raise themselves to the idea of the consummation of all things, the consequence of the doctrine of judgment, and to see that the world must change if souls pass from this life to a new life. In reality, as the nature of the present life presents an affinity to this world, so in the future life our souls will enjoy a lot conformable to their new condition.


    Tatian

    Tatian's Address to the Greeks

    http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/0202.htm

    Quote
    Chapter 6. Christians' Belief in the Resurrection

    And on this account we believe that there will be a resurrection of bodies after the consummation of all things; not, as the Stoics affirm, according to the return of certain cycles, the same things being produced and destroyed for no useful purpose, but a resurrection once for all, when our periods of existence are completed, and in consequence solely of the constitution of things under which men alone live, for the purpose of passing judgment upon them.

    (. . .)



    St. Thomas Aquinas

    Summa Theologica
    Question 77. The time and manner of the resurrection
    Article 1. Whether the time of our resurrection should be delayed till the end of the world?

    http://www.newadvent.org/summa/5077.htm


    Quote
    Reply to Objection 1.

    (. . .)

    Christ's resurrection had to precede the resurrection of others who have all to rise again at the consummation of the world.


    The Catechism of the Council of Trent


    Quote
    ARTICLE VII: FROM THENCE HE SHALL COME TO JUDGE THE LIVING AND THE DEAD

    Signs Of The General Judgment

    The Sacred Scriptures inform us that the general judgment will be preceded by these three principal signs: the preaching of the Gospel throughout the world, a falling away from the faith, and the coming of Antichrist. This gospel of the kingdom, says our Lord, shall be preached in the whole world, for a testimony to all nations, and then shall the consummation come.


    Saint John Eudes

    THE LIFE AND THE KINGDOM OF JESUS: A TREATISE ON CHRISTIAN PERFECTION . Eudist Ebooks. Kindle Edition.


    Quote
    The happiness of heaven consists in this alone, and in this alone consists true life on earth: to know, love and honor the Life and Mysteries of Christ. This will be the basis of the account you shall be required to give of yourself at the hour of death. One of the greatest reproaches that will be made against you in that hour, will be the scanty and poor attention and honor you have given to the Life and Mysteries of Jesus.

    This will be the Purpose of the Son of God in holding His Universal Judgment at the consummation of time, namely, to exact, by the Power of His Justice, the honor and homage due to His Mysteries by all creatures, and even by His own enemies, before the eyes of heaven and earth. This also is the reason for the existence of hell, that those who shall have failed to honor Christ’s Mysteries on earth by love and free will, will render this necessary tribute in hell through constraint and force, by the Operation of God’s Justice in them.

    2 Corinthians 4:3-4

    And if our gospel be also hid, it is hid to them that are lost, In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of unbelievers, that the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, should not shine unto them.

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    There Is No Such Thing As 'Sede Vacantism'...
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