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Offline Binechi

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  • St. Cyril of Alexandria, Bishop, Confessor and Doctor of the Church

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    St. Cyril of Alexandria
    from the Roman Breviary


    The praises of Cyril of Alexandria have been celebrated not only by one writer or another, but have even been registered in the acts of the Ecumenical Councils of Ephesus and Chalcedon. He was born of distinguished parents, and was the nephew of Theophilus, Bishop of Alexandria. While he was still young, he gave clear proof of his excellent understanding. After giving a deep study to letters and science he betook himself to John, Bishop of Jerusalem, to be perfected in the Christian faith. After his return to Alexandria, and the death of Theophilus, he was raised to that see. In this office he kept ever before his eyes the type of the Shepherd of souls described by the Apostle; and by ever adhering thereto deservedly earned the glory of a holy Bishop.

    He burned with zeal for the salvation of souls, and took all care to keep the flock entrusted to him in purity of faith and life, and to guard them from the poisonous pastures of heresy and infidelity. Hence, in accordance with law, he caused the followers of Novatus to be expelled from the city, and procured the punishment of the Jews, whose rage had led them to plan a massacre of the Christians. Cyril's singular care for the preservation of the Catholic faith shone forth especially in his conflict with Nestorius, bishop of Constantinople, who declared that Jesus Christ had been born of the Virgin Mary as man only and not as God, and that the divinity had been bestowed upon Him because of His merits. Cyril in vain attempted to convert Nestorius, and then denounced him to Pope St. Celestine.

    A delegate of Pope Celestine, Cyril presided at the Council of Ephesus where the Nestorian heresy was absolutely proscribed; Nestorius was condemned and deprived of his see; and the Catholic doctrine as to the unity of Person in Christ and the divine Motherhood of the glorious Virgin Mary was laid down amid the rejoicings of all the people, who escorted the bishops to their lodgings with a torch-light procession. For this reason Nestorius and his followers made Cyril the object of slanders, insults, and persecutions which he bore with profound patience, for he cared only for the faith, and paid no attention to what the heretics might do or say against him. At length he died a holy death, in the year of salvation 444, the thirty-second of his episcopacy, after having performed great labors for the Church of God, and having composed numerous works, both in refutation of paganism and heresy, in exposition of sacred Scripture, and in explanation of Catholic dogmas.

    Offline Binechi

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    St. Cyril of Alexandria, Bishop, Confessor and Doctor of the Church
    « Reply #1 on: February 09, 2016, 04:07:33 PM »
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  • St. Cyril of Alexandria's Litany of Praise of the Mother of God


    Excerpt from sermon preached by St. Cyril, Patriarch of Alexandria (444), presiding as representative of the Holy See at the Ecumenical Council of Ephesus, 431. In refuting Nestorianism, he is called Doctor of the Incarnation. The above translation of his praises of Dei-para received the imprimatur of the Most Rev. Francis Gilfillan, Bishop of St. Joseph (d. 1933).



     Hail, O Mary, Mother of God, Virgin and Mother! Morning Star, perfect vessel.

     Hail, O Mary, Mother of God! holy temple in which God Himself was conceived.

     Hail, O Mary, Mother of God! chaste and pure dove.

     Hail, O Mary, Mother of God! ever-effulgent light; from thee proceedeth the Sun of Justice.

     Hail, O Mary, Mother of God! Thou didst enclose in thy sacred womb the One Who cannot be encompassed.

     Hail, O Mary, Mother of God! With the shepherds we sing the praise of God, and with the angels the song of thanksgiving: Glory to God in the highest and peace on earth to men of good will.

     Hail, O Mary, Mother of God! Through thee came to us the Conqueror and the triumphant Vanquisher of hell.

     Hail, O Mary, Mother of God! Through thee blossoms the splendor of the resurrection.

     Hail, O Mary, Mother of God! Thou hast saved every faithful Christian.

     Hail, O Mary, Mother of God! Who can praise thee worthily, O glorious Virgin Mary!


     

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