Here's a way to look at it. That mark / character received at Baptism is like DNA.
So the person receives the DNA that makes him identifiable as a member of the body. But you can cut a member off the body, like you can cut a finger off, for instance. At that point it's no longer part of the body, but it still has the DNA imprint which indicates that it WAS at one time part of the body. Likewise, when you have gangrene, a member can be dead, while remaining physically attached to the body, this life being analogous to sanctifying grace.
God created nature in such a way as to often mirror various supernatural realities.
Baptism MARKS you as being part of the body, imprinting character on the body, but despite that character, the member can be severed from the body physically, or lose life while remaining attached to the body (spiritual death and loss of sanctifying grace).