Is it Church teaching that the earth is geocentric and is this the consensus of all Catholics?
It is Church teaching that the Bible reveals an orbiting sun around the Earth and that ALL the Fathers agreed on this. But once popes fell for the hoax that this revelation was proven false by science, 99.999% of Catholics abandoned this Church teaching.
Then when Einstein had to admit that no science ever proved geocentrism wrong, that science cannot tell the difference, Catholics continued to believe in the hoax that the Bible was proven wrong.
Its a long story Mass 12 but the truth is coming out.