Author Topic: Highly pathogenic avian flu spreading in Europe, South Asia  (Read 1209 times)

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Offline Croix de Fer

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Highly pathogenic avian flu spreading in Europe, South Asia
« on: November 11, 2016, 04:19:10 PM »
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  • http://www.fao.org/europe/news/detail-news/en/c/451313/

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    It was less than two months ago that FAO issued a warning that H5N8 avian influenza virus had been detected in wild birds in Tyva Republic in southern Russia and would likely spread in a south-westerly direction with the autumn migration of waterbirds. The virus, which is highly pathogenic for poultry, appears already to have travelled westward as far as Poland and Hungary, and southwards to Kerala Province in India, according to recent official notifications to the World Organization for Animal Health, or OIE.

    “Events in the past week demonstrated that the virus has already spread from wild birds to domestic poultry,” said FAO chief veterinary officer Juan Lubroth. The H5N8 virus has been detected in wild birds as well as domestic ducks in four States of India, and in Hungary, in a swan found dead in the southeastern part of the country, and a turkey flock in Totkomlos.

    The dead Mute Swan in Hungary was found in late October near saline soda Lake Fehér-tó in Csongrád County, a well-known resting place for migratory birds, according to Andriy Rozstalnyy, FAO animal production officer for Europe and Central Asia. Hungarian authorities have now identified the virus as very similar to that found in wild birds at Lake Ubsu-Nuur, Tyva Republic in Russia in June. The locations – in Hungary and India – correspond roughly to the fall migration patterns of waterbirds, particularly Anatidae species.

    Earlier this week (7 November) an H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus was also confirmed in wild birds in Poland. Though virological information is still awaited to confirm that it is the same strain, it is highly likely. While this article was under preparation, media reports of wild birds dying of the H5N8 virus in Austria, Croatia and Germany appeared. FAO continues to monitor the situation will provide regular updates.

    These recent detections of H5N8 virus in wild and domestic birds are additional evidence of the role of wild birds in the long-distance movement of H5 HPAI viruses from one stopover location to another along their migration routes. This appears to be the fourth documented wave of intercontinental movement of such viruses since 2005. The role of wild birds in their long-distance movement is now incontrovertible, according to a recent FAO news bulletin and other scientific publications.

    Countries across the region should be on high alert for incursions of the virus, should adopt stronger biosecurity measures on all poultry farms, and enhance their surveillance, said Roztalnyy. All countries along the migratory pathways of the Anatidae family of birds are at risk, including countries of the Middle East, the European Union, West Africa, the former Soviet Union, and South Asia.

    “We cannot predict which countries will experience outbreaks in poultry or cases in wild birds,” Rozstalnyy said, “but all should consider measures to curtail the disease and prevent spread of the virus in poultry.” The risk extends through March-April 2017 for Europe and the Middle East, he noted.

    FAO recommendations
    •FAO is calling for increased testing of any wild birds found dead or shot during hunting activities, and for vigilance on the part of poultry owners near sites where waterbirds congregate.
    •Gene sequencing should be performed for all H5 viruses detected, and results shared with the global community in a timely manner. This will aid understanding of how the virus is spreading
    •Hunting, handling and dressing of shot waterfowl in areas where H5N8 is likely to be circulating (as is currently the situation in Europe) carries the risk of spreading avian influenza viruses to susceptible poultry.
    •Commercial poultry operations and backyard poultry owners should avoid the introduction of pathogens through contaminated clothes, footwear, vehicles or equipment used in waterfowl hunting.
    •Any waste from hunted birds should be treated as potentially contaminated and safely disposed of.
    •Waterbird scraps should not be fed to domestic animals (cats, dogs, or poultry).

    Action on wild birds not recommended

    There is no benefit to be gained from attempting to control the virus in wild birds through culling or habitat destruction, FAO cautioned. Nor is there any justification for pre-emptive culling of endangered species in zoological collections.

    Control measures for captive wild birds should be based on strict movement control, isolation and only when necessary limited culling of affected flocks, according to FAO.

    There is no long-term carrier status of H5 avian influenza in wild or domestic birds. Use of disinfectants should be focused on areas with no accumulated organic matter, and which have been cleaned. Spraying of birds or the environment with disinfectant – for example sodium hypochlorite or bleach – is considered potentially counter-productive, harmful to the environment, and not effective from a disease control perspective.

    Public health significance

    While highly pathogenic for domestic poultry, the human health risk of the Tyva 2016 strain of H5N8 virus is probably low, according to available evidence. To date, no cases of Influenza A in humans caused by avian influenza viruses have been associated with H5N8 viruses. Nevertheless, FAO is making the following recommendations:
    •dead birds should not be handled or prepared for food
    •authorities should be notified of any mortalities
    •bird carcasses should be properly disposed of after sample collection
    •standard hand hygiene practices should be followed by anyone who might come in contact with bird droppings or dead birds
    •swimming in water that is potentially contaminated should be avoided
    •any poultry product for consumption should always be thoroughly cooked.

    9 November 2016, Budapest, Hungary

    Blessed be the Lord my God, who teacheth my hands to fight, and my fingers to war. ~ Psalms 143:1 (Douay-Rheims)

    Offline Nadir

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    Highly pathogenic avian flu spreading in Europe, South Asia
    « Reply #1 on: November 11, 2016, 09:31:01 PM »
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  • More paranoia,  :scared2:compliments of the U.N.

    No more hunting, boys!


    Offline Croix de Fer

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    Highly pathogenic avian flu spreading in Europe, South Asia
    « Reply #2 on: November 12, 2016, 12:25:22 PM »
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  • Quote from: Nadir
    More paranoia,  :scared2:compliments of the U.N.

    No more hunting, boys!


    Not paranoia, rather, predictive programming (just like PNAC in 2000 regarding 9/11 a year later). It's part of the script that leads to something gruesome.

    You think you're awake. You think your normalcy bias-induced skepticism is healthy, but it's actually misguided because you fail to see the bigger picture.

    A pandemic is coming, and it will be engineered. The pandemic will be the intended scapegoat that "caused" the (engineered) economic collapse that will soon follow. It will be a diversion from the Judaic Banking Vampirism that has plagued the world since 1694 (founding of Bank of England) 1913 (Federal Reserve) and, increasingly, 1930 (BIS), thus leading up to the soon catastrophic failure of financial systems and currencies dependent on this monolithic ponzi scheme. Major global depopulation is another objective.

    This will also be in synchronicity of stopping Trump from effectively exercising his presidency, which would include enacting his pro-nationalist and anti-globalist policies while prosecuting Hillary and her (democrat and republican) cohorts, and purging the 5th Columnists / Judaic Deep State of American government. In other words, Trumps victory, which is unfortunate for the globalists, is another reason they must engineer this calamity, soon, all in synchronicity with the global economy on verge of collapse which is of their own making.
    Blessed be the Lord my God, who teacheth my hands to fight, and my fingers to war. ~ Psalms 143:1 (Douay-Rheims)

    Offline Nadir

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    Highly pathogenic avian flu spreading in Europe, South Asia
    « Reply #3 on: November 13, 2016, 01:50:44 AM »
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  • I agree with most of what you say here. Nevertheless, there could be many triggers for the disasters that will befall us. FAO says it's already here. You say it will be engineered. Let's face it, any one of us cannot only guess about these things.  I still think it is pointless to respond to their scare tactics.  

    Offline Cera

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    Highly pathogenic avian flu spreading in Europe, South Asia
    « Reply #4 on: November 13, 2016, 02:08:59 PM »
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  • Quote from: Nadir
    I agree with most of what you say here. Nevertheless, there could be many triggers for the disasters that will befall us. FAO says it's already here. You say it will be engineered. Let's face it, any one of us cannot only guess about these things.  I still think it is pointless to respond to their scare tactics.  


    I think we have to differentiate between "respond" and "react." It is useless to react emotionally.

    On the other hand, this information is not being made available to the public, therefore it does not qualify as a scare tactic.

    This information is found only by digging into the executive orders and HSS and CDC policies. Once it is learned that Obama has handed over the control of the expected pandemic to global government, it would be prudent to research how to prepare for a pandemic. This is a rational response.
    Pray for the consecration of Russia to the Immaculate Heart of Mary


    Offline Croix de Fer

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    Highly pathogenic avian flu spreading in Europe, South Asia
    « Reply #5 on: December 07, 2016, 12:13:27 PM »
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  • Germany is getting hammered with bird flu outbreaks and bird die-offs.

    Also, new outbreaks in Sweden, Denmark and Hungary.

    Article in German - dated Dec. 7, 2016

    http://www.sz-online.de/nachrichten/wissen/vogelgrippe-wird-pandemie-3558444.html

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    Vogelgrippe wird Pandemie

    Die Zahl gefundener Wildvögel steigt, immer mehr Regionen sind betroffen: Ein hochansteckender Vogelgrippe-Erreger breitet sich in Europa, Afrika und Asien aus. In Deutschland ist ein zuvor nie gekanntes Ausmaß erreicht.

    Greifswald-Insel Riems.  Die aktuell kursierende Vogelgrippe hat sich nach Experteneinschätzung inzwischen zur Pandemie ausgeweitet. Seit dem ersten Nachweis im russisch-mongolischen Grenzgebiet im Sommer habe sich der hochgefährliche H5N8-Erreger zunehmend ausgebreitet, hieß es vom Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut auf der Insel Riems. Mit Europa, Asien und Afrika seien nun drei Kontinente betroffen.
     
    „Die Ausbreitungsgeschwindigkeit ist beachtlich“, sagte FLI-Präsident Thomas Mettenleiter. „Wir sehen im Moment keine Tendenzen zu einer Abschwächung, weder was die Zahl der gefundenen Vögel noch was die geografische Ausbreitung angeht.“ In Deutschland war der Erreger erstmals vor einem Monat, am 8. November, bei einer toten Wildente am Bodensee und verendeten Wasservögeln in Schleswig-Holstein nachgewiesen worden. Inzwischen sind 13 Bundesländer betroffen.
     
    Neben Hunderten Nachweisen bei Wildvögeln erfassten die Behörden in den vergangenen vier Wochen bundesweit 16 Ausbrüche in Geflügelhaltungen, davon vier in Zoos. „Mittlerweile haben in Deutschland die Fälle bei Wildvögeln und Ausbrüche bei Geflügel und in zoologischen Einrichtungen ein nie zuvor gekanntes Ausmaß angenommen“, heißt es in der aktuellen Risikobewertung des FLI. Zum Vergleich: Bei einer ähnlichen Vogelgrippe-Pandemie unter Wildvögeln mit dem Erreger H5N1 war in Deutschland im Jahr 2006 ein Geflügelbestand betroffen, auch im Folgejahr blieb es bei Einzelfällen.
     
    Den Grund für die aktuell vermehrte Eintragung des H5N8-Erregers in Geflügelhaltungen sieht das FLI im offenbar höheren Infektionsdruck aus der Wildvogelpopulation. So sei der Anteil infizierter Vögel unter den Totfunden deutlich höher als 2006/2007. In Europa ist der Erreger demnach inzwischen in zwölf Staaten nachgewiesen worden. Darüber hinaus meldeten Indien, Iran, Israel, Tunesien und Ägypten H5N8-Fälle.
     
    In Frankreich waren bis zum Wochenbeginn sieben Betriebe im Südwesten des Landes betroffen. Die Region hatte bereits im Vorjahr schwer unter einer anderen Vogelgrippe-Variante gelitten, damals hatten die Behörden den Export von lebenden Vögeln und Hühnern verboten - eine solche Situation will Frankreich diesmal unbedingt verhindern. Gerade wurde die Risikostufe im ganzen Land von moderat auf hoch angehoben. Bislang galt diese Stufe nur für einige Regionen. Damit müssen Zuchtbetriebe zusätzliche Vorsichtsmaßnahmen ergreifen.
     
    Die neuen Fälle kurz vor der Weihnachtszeit sind ein Dämpfer für die französische Geflügelbranche: Eigentlich hätte das Land Anfang des Monats seinen Status „frei von Vogelgrippe“ wiedererlangen können - doch damit wird es nun erst mal nichts. Damit dürften Exportmärkte in Asien, vor allem China und Japan, für französische Produkte vorerst weiter tabu bleiben.
     
    Ein Abklingen der Vogelgrippe-Welle ist nach Einschätzung der FLI-Fachleute noch nicht zu erkennen. Im Gegenteil: Der für Geflügel hochgefährliche Erreger, der bislang konzentriert bei Wildvögeln an den Küsten und am Bodensee gefunden wurde, werde inzwischen zunehmend bei Wasservögel-Kadavern an Binnengewässern nachgewiesen.
     
    Das Institut empfiehlt den Bundesländern inzwischen, auch tote Säugetiere, die in Gebieten mit hoher Wildvogeldichte gefunden werden, zu untersuchen. Es gebe bislang zwar keine Indizien dafür, dass es zu einem Sprung des Erregers von Vögeln zu Säugetieren komme, sagte Mettenleiter. Auch Versuche des Instituts, bei denen Mäuse und Frettchen infiziert wurden, hätten zu keiner anderen Einschätzung geführt. Falls es aber doch zu einer Infektion von Säugetieren kommen sollte, solle das frühzeitig bemerkt werden.
     
    Welche Ursachen zu Vogelgrippe-Wellen führten, sei noch weitgehend unklar, sagte Mettenleiter. Auch ein Vergleich zur H5N1-Pandemie von 2006/2007 führe nicht weiter. Damals wurde der Erreger im Februar bei tiefen Frosttemperaturen nachgewiesen. Im Jahr 2007 tauchte H5N1 im Sommer wieder auf. H5N8 wurde 2014 und 2016 im November in Deutschland bei milden Herbsttemperaturen nachgewiesen. Obwohl die Vogelgrippe seit Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts immer wieder auftrat, ist eine der aktuellen Situation ähnliche Pandemie im Wildvogelbereich nach Angaben des FLI bislang nur 2006/2007 beobachtet worden.
     
    Dies hänge nicht nur mit den heute zur Verfügung stehenden besseren Diagnosemöglichkeiten zusammen. „Der Infektionsdruck gegenüber den Wildvögeln hat sich im Vergleich zu früheren Jahrzehnten deutlich erhöht“, sagte Mettenleiter. Die Zahl an gehaltenem Nutzgeflügel sei weltweit gestiegen. „Damit stehen mehr potenzielle Wirte für den Erreger zur Verfügung.“ Zudem gebe es in Asien eine enge Vergesellschaftung zwischen Nutzgeflügel und Wildvögeln, mit der Folge, dass die Wahrscheinlichkeit von Ansteckungen steige. (dpa)

    Blessed be the Lord my God, who teacheth my hands to fight, and my fingers to war. ~ Psalms 143:1 (Douay-Rheims)

    Offline Croix de Fer

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    Highly pathogenic avian flu spreading in Europe, South Asia
    « Reply #6 on: December 07, 2016, 10:52:49 PM »
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  • H5N8 outbreaks expand to Serbia

    http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2016/12/h5n8-outbreaks-expand-serbia

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    Serbia today became the latest country in Europe to report highly pathogenic H5N8 avian influenza, as France and the United Kingdom took new steps to protect poultry flocks from the virus.

    Serbia's detection involves swans

    Serbia's agriculture ministry said today that the virus was found in six mute swans found dead in a nature park near Novi Sad in the north central part of the country, according to a report to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). The outbreak began on Nov 30, and testing at Serbia's national lab were positive for the virus on Dec 2.

    Three of Serbia's neighbors—Croatia, Hungary, and Romania—have already been hit by the virus. H5N8 has now been confirmed in 14 European countries, and it is suspected in an H5 outbreak reported by Ukrainian officials in late November. Outside of the region, the virus has also turned up in Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, and Tunisia.

    In a related development, Israeli veterinary officials yesterday reported three more H5N8 outbreaks, striking turkey farms in Hadarom, southwest of where H5N8 was first reported in late November, according to another report to the OIE.

    The outbreak began on Dec 2 and Dec 5 when farmers noticed an increase in bird deaths. Between the three locations, the virus sickened 23,000 of 45,000 birds, killing 16,800 of them. Authorities culled the remaining poultry.

    Officials said the source of H5N8 is contact with wild species and that the affected farms are on the path of migrating birds flying from Europe to Africa.

    France, UK actions

    Elsewhere in Europe, France's agriculture ministry this morning announced that it raised the avian flu alert to its highest level for the whole country, according to a government statement translated and posted by Avian Flu Diary, an infectious disease news blog.

    When H5N8 first turned up in France a few weeks ago, officials put the risk level at moderate, with the level at high for certain wetlands. Since then the virus has spread to at least eight poultry farms, especially in the southwestern part of the country where foie gras production is centered. At about this time last year three other strains wiped out flocks in that area.

    Though H5N8 hasn't been detected in Britain, the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) today as a precautionary step announced a prevention zone for the whole country, which requires poultry and captive birds to be kept indoors or for farmers to take other steps to separate them from wild birds.

    DEFRA ordered the protective zone to remain in place for 30 days, and it urged poultry keepers to be alert for any signs of disease, report illnesses promptly to veterinary authorities, and take extra biosecurity measures, such as cleaning clothing and other items before contact with poultry.

    H5N6 developments
    •Japanese animal health officials yesterday announced two more highly pathogenic avian flu outbreaks at poultry farms, both involving H5N6, in Aomori and Niigata prefectures, which had already reported H5 outbreaks. In a report to the OIE, officials said further testing confirmed N6, which follows earlier confirmation of H5N6 in wild birds.


    •In Hong Kong, veterinary officials said additional tests of environmental samples taken on Nov 25 from the Mai Po Nature Reserve that yielded H5N6 also contained DNA from Northern pintail ducks, according to a separate report yesterday to the OIE.

    Blessed be the Lord my God, who teacheth my hands to fight, and my fingers to war. ~ Psalms 143:1 (Douay-Rheims)

    Offline Croix de Fer

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    Highly pathogenic avian flu spreading in Europe, South Asia
    « Reply #7 on: December 07, 2016, 10:57:48 PM »
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  • Birds on six more farms have been destroyed in France after the birds were identified as being connected with the initial outbreak farm.


    http://www.thepoultrysite.com/poultrynews/37923/thousands-of-birds-culled-in-france-as-bird-flu-virus-spreads-to-more-countries/

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    Thousands of Birds Culled in France as Bird Flu Virus Spreads to More Countries
    06 December 2016


    GLOBAL - Birds on six more farms have been destroyed in France after the birds were identified as being connected with the initial outbreak farm.

    The first outbreak of the H5N8 strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza in France was found last week, just one day before France was due to declare itself free from the disease after the devastating outbreaks of last winter.

    Over 13,000 ducks were destroyed on the six farms, which were also in the south western fois gras-producing region that was heavily hit by the disease last year.

    Two duck fattening farms were also confirmed as infected in Flevoland province in the Netherlands, resulting in the culling of over 23,000 birds.

    In Poland, a goose farm in Lubuskie province has been hit by bird flu, the country's first outbreak of this type of flu on farms. Over 1000 birds were lost to the disease and over 600 more were destroyed to prevent it spreading.

    In Iran, two more commercial layer farms have been infected, resulting in the deaths of 1148 birds and another 248,834 being destroyed. The new outbreaks were detected through surveillance measures, and an investigation is ongoing into the source of the outbreak to prevent it's spread. Over 500,000 birds at farms located in a three-kilometre radius around the affected farms have been slaughtered as a preemptive control measure.

    Tunisia has reported its first outbreaks in wild birds in Ichkeul Natural Park (wetland). Tunisia is located in the main migratory corridor for wild birds going to Africa from Europe during winter migration. Access to the park was suspended and surveillance measures put in place.

    More wild birds have been found dead from the disease in the Netherlands, Romania, Austria and Germany.

    Locations of depopulated farms in south west France

    Blessed be the Lord my God, who teacheth my hands to fight, and my fingers to war. ~ Psalms 143:1 (Douay-Rheims)


    Offline Croix de Fer

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    Highly pathogenic avian flu spreading in Europe, South Asia
    « Reply #8 on: December 07, 2016, 11:06:09 PM »
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  • H5N6 bird flu subtype hitting South Korea (H5N8 hitting Europe, Middle East and Africa)

    http://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2016/12/06/Bird-flu-virus-spreading-in-South-Korea-from-farm-to-wildlife/9901481039077/

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    SEOUL, Dec. 6 (UPI) -- Cases of bird flu are growing in South Korea where at least six farms have reported the presence of the H5N6 virus.

    Another cluster of infections was confirmed near a chicken farm in Haenam, South Jeolla Province, South Korean news service Newsis reported Tuesday.

    The farm in Haenam has already been designated an infected site, but the pathogen is also spreading among migratory birds in a nearby habitat in Kumho Lake, according to the report.

    Provincial authorities conducted an investigation on Nov. 30 of 40 birds from the wildlife habitat. Results showed two Eurasian teals and one spoonbill carrying the H5N6 virus.

    South Korean investigators will know by Wednesday whether the confirmed presence of the virus poses the risk of an outbreak of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza.

    A different strain of the virus, the H5N1, known to cause the Asian Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza, has proven to be fatal for poultry, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

    The virus can infect humans, and some infections have resulted in deaths, but human-to-human spread is rare, according to the CDC.

    The farm near the lake was confirmed an infected site on Nov. 18 and is located less than 10 miles from the wildlife sanctuary.

    All six farms that have reported outbreaks are located in Sani-myeon, a district in South Jeolla Province.

    Authorities said they have conducted clinical examinations of 210,000 chickens and ducks but no further infections were found.

    South Jeolla Province is planning a disinfection of the area.
    Blessed be the Lord my God, who teacheth my hands to fight, and my fingers to war. ~ Psalms 143:1 (Douay-Rheims)

    Offline Croix de Fer

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    Highly pathogenic avian flu spreading in Europe, South Asia
    « Reply #9 on: December 07, 2016, 11:19:31 PM »
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  • At least 5 human infections with H5N6 subtype and 2 critical condition (link in underscore) in China

    http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1931312816304486
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    Highlights

    -- Live poultry markets in China surveyed for avian influenza viruses during 2014–2016

    -- H5N6 has replaced H5N1 as a dominant AIV subtype in southern China, especially in ducks

    -- The HA and NA genes of H5N6 show apparent lineage-specific matching patterns

    -- At least 34 distinct H5N6 genotypes noted, one responsible for five human infections


    Summary

    Constant surveillance of live poultry markets (LPMs) is currently the best way to predict and identify emerging avian influenza viruses (AIVs) that pose a potential threat to public health. Through surveillance of LPMs from 16 provinces and municipalities in China during 2014–2016, we identified 3,174 AIV-positive samples and isolated and sequenced 1,135 AIVs covering 31 subtypes. Our analysis shows that H5N6 has replaced H5N1 as one of the dominant AIV subtypes in southern China, especially in ducks. Phylogenetic analysis reveals that H5N6 arose from reassortments of H5 and H6N6 viruses, with the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase combinations being strongly lineage specific. H5N6 viruses constitute at least 34 distinct genotypes derived from various evolutionary pathways. Notably, genotype G1.2 virus, with internal genes from the chicken H9N2/H7N9 gene pool, was responsible for at least five human H5N6 infections. Our findings highlight H5N6 AIVs as potential threats to public health and agriculture.



    Blessed be the Lord my God, who teacheth my hands to fight, and my fingers to war. ~ Psalms 143:1 (Douay-Rheims)

    Offline Croix de Fer

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    Highly pathogenic avian flu spreading in Europe, South Asia
    « Reply #10 on: December 21, 2016, 11:44:42 AM »
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  • With H5N6 hitting South Korea, H5N8 has now hit the country and Nigeria.

    H5N8 hits more farms in Europe and Iran, too.

    South Korea & Nigeria cases:

    http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2016/12/h5n8-appears-nigeria-south-korea


    Europe & Iran cases:

    http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2016/12/h5n8-strikes-more-farms-europe-iran
    Blessed be the Lord my God, who teacheth my hands to fight, and my fingers to war. ~ Psalms 143:1 (Douay-Rheims)


     

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