Fascism started out in Italy as a purely anti-Communist movement. WRONG !
Fascism was purely Marxist communism with very subtle differences in the industrial state planning and nationalist agenda.
All of his life Benito Mussolini was a collectivist and a revolutionary Marxist socialist.
Mussolini favoured Italy entering the war and, this, not political or ideological differences, caused the Italian Socialist Party to expell him, in 1912.
Not only there is no evidence that Mussolini ever gave up his militance in socialism but, to the contrary, there is plenty of very tangible evidence of pure communist ideology and policies enacted in his 20 years in power: Mussolini started to nationalize industries, planned industrial production, introduced the welfare state, introduced social security, started to nationalize the health care, started to nationalize schools...
Mussolini also met Russian Communist leaders Lenin and Trotsky while they were in exhile in Switzerland and they remarked on Mussolini's solid adherence to the communist ideology revolutionary agenda. Lenin even stated: "In Italy, comrades, in Italy, there was but a Socialist able enough to lead the people through a revolutionary path, Benito Mussolini" *.
Lenin even sent a telegram to Mussolini to congratulate him on his political exploit when Mussolini rose to power.
Fascism belongs on the left.
Mussolini opposed Italian communists only because of political power struggles, not because of ideological motives.
We should all sart to correct this leftists fantasy that Mussolini (and Hitler) was not a pure marxist communist.
Fascist ideology = communist ideology (with subtle differences).
It is about time that we start to study Italian history correctly and stop misinterpreting what fascism was.
It has been a convenient leftist, post war, propaganda to distance fascism as far as possible from communism as communism's reputation would have suffered if it had been associated with its western European peers: fascism and nazism (National Socialism).
* As quoted in Revolutionary Fascism, Erik Norling, Lisbon, Finis Mundi Press (2011) p. 28. Lenin express this to Nicola Bombacci, during a reception in the Kremlin.