I agree geocentrism and evolution are different. With evolution there are core Catholic principles at stake regarding original sin and only two parents of the human race. As Pius XII pointed out, there are certain evolutionary views which are non-starters, such as polygenism.
I don't think it is beyond Catholic teaching to believe that, over time, some adaptations can develop WITHIN species. In that micro-evolution sense, there isn't much problem.
The problem comes with Darwiniacs who insist their theory that species evolve into other species is fact when they can't even provide one transitionary fossil (much less the millions that should exist if the theory is true). Evolution is their dogma and they will defend it with blind will through intimidation, ridicule, and high-sounding scientific jargon. The same with man made "climate change". It is a theory that they are promoting as fact because it fits their agenda.